Preventing cancer is basically taking steps to reduce the chance of experiencing this disease. With prevention decreases the number of new cases in a group of people and this in turn reduces the number of deaths caused by cancer.
Some cancer risk factors can be avoided, but many others can not. For example, both smoking and certain inherited genes are risk factors for some types of cancer, but smoking can only be avoided.
Regular exercise and healthy eating are recommendations to avoid for some types of cancer. To prevent it is necessary to analyze the risk factors and the recommendations that must be followed to avoid it, that is why today we share everything you need to know about prevention and risk factors in prostate cancer:
Forms of prevention:
- Change the lifestyle or eating habits.
- Avoid things that are known to cause cancer.
- Take medicines to treat a precancerous condition or to prevent cancer from starting.
- Prostate cancer is rare in men under 50 years of age. The probability of developing prostate cancer increases with the age of men.
- Family history of prostate cancer. A man whose father, brother or son has had prostate cancer is at a higher than average risk for this cancer.
- Prostate cancer occurs more frequently in African-American men than in white men. African-American men with prostate cancer are more likely to die from this disease than white men.
- The prostate needs male hormones to function correctly. The main male sex hormone is testosterone. This helps the body to develop and maintain male sexual characteristics. An enzyme in the body converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is important for normal growth of the prostate, but it can also make the prostate grow larger and play a role in the progression of prostate cancer.
The following protective factors may decrease the risk of prostate cancer:
Folate is a type of vitamin B that is naturally contained in some foods, such as vegetables, beans, and orange juice. Folic acid is a form of folate produced by man that is found in vitamin supplements and fortified foods, such as breads and whole grains.
Finasteride and dutasteride. They are medicines that are used to decrease the amount of male sex hormones made by the body. These drugs impede the action of the enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
Remember that before any anomaly that you detect in your body it is important to go to the doctor. However, you do not have to wait until this happens.
Perform routine exams and share the message with those you love most so that together we can take care of our Health.